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脑电结合行为指标的汽车内饰色彩感性评价

邓雅倩 林丽 郭主恩 尹鑫 蔡婉欣

邓雅倩,林丽,郭主恩, 等. 脑电结合行为指标的汽车内饰色彩感性评价[J]. 机械科学与技术,2023,42(5):747-754 doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20220024
引用本文: 邓雅倩,林丽,郭主恩, 等. 脑电结合行为指标的汽车内饰色彩感性评价[J]. 机械科学与技术,2023,42(5):747-754 doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20220024
DENG Yaqian, LIN Li, GUO Zhuen, YIN Xin, CAI Wanxin. Color Perceptual Evaluation of Automotive Interior Combined with EEG and Behavioral Index[J]. Mechanical Science and Technology for Aerospace Engineering, 2023, 42(5): 747-754. doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20220024
Citation: DENG Yaqian, LIN Li, GUO Zhuen, YIN Xin, CAI Wanxin. Color Perceptual Evaluation of Automotive Interior Combined with EEG and Behavioral Index[J]. Mechanical Science and Technology for Aerospace Engineering, 2023, 42(5): 747-754. doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20220024

脑电结合行为指标的汽车内饰色彩感性评价

doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20220024
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(518965003)、贵州省科技计划项目(黔科合基础-ZK[2021]055)、黔科合平台人才计划资助项目([2018]5781)及贵州大学培育项目(贵大培育[2019]06)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    邓雅倩(1995−),硕士研究生,研究方向为感性工学、工业设计, 1209259446@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    林丽,教授,博士生导师,linlisongbai@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TG156

Color Perceptual Evaluation of Automotive Interior Combined with EEG and Behavioral Index

  • 摘要: 为准确获取用户对色彩感性的评价信息,提高汽车内饰设计的成功率与效率,引入脑电技术,在解析用户的内隐感性信息基础上,对汽车内饰色彩样本进行感性评价研究。首先收集与汽车内饰色彩相关的形容词汇,通过聚类分析获得代表性意象词汇。其次由汽车内饰图片归纳出内饰代表性色相及其空间布局,两两组合形成新内饰色彩样本。接着,内饰色彩样本与代表性词汇建立基于脑电的感性认知实验,并实施感性评价实验。然后,将收集的原始脑电数据与行为数据进行异常值剔除与正向归一化处理,获取标准化数据。最后基于标准化数据应用熵权TOPSIS法,为不同指标进行赋权,并计算样本与意象之间的相对贴近度,得出不同意象下的最佳色彩样本排序。排序结果经专家小组讨论证明客观指标筛选出的方案具有有效性,可作为汽车内饰色彩设计的设计参考。
  • 图  1  实验流程图

    图  2  8种色相

    图  3  蓝、黄两色相与不同空间布局产生的新样本

    图  4  EEG 32通道频谱图

    图  5  “素雅的且经典的”条件下最优样本

    表  1  内饰空间区域划分方案

    Ⅰ(点缀重点)Ⅱ(围绕感)Ⅲ(交叉感)
    整体保持主体色彩,在主要功能区域采用小面积的跳色进行强调在仪表板、车门内饰和座椅用色一样,层次清晰给人以环绕的感觉用色彩将空间分成两个区域,相互交叉,视觉感受强烈
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  “素雅的”选择率、反应时标准化数据

    编号选择率反应时
    W0.6220.594
    W0.4440.244
    W0.3780.217
    O0.1110.743
    O0.0890.945
    O01
    R0.1560.749
    R0.1110.786
    R0.0440.725
    Y0.0670.878
    Y0.0890.934
    Y0.0220.914
    B0.5110.144
    B0.3330.169
    B0.2670.11
    L0.4440.175
    L0.2000.069
    L0.0670.121
    P0.7780.106
    P0.7110.168
    P0.5780.243
    S0.9330
    S0.9110.032
    S0.9110.099
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  “素雅的”中不同样本N400幅值归一化

    编号FP1FZF3F7
    W0.7381.0000.5180.663
    W0.5860.3620.6910.841
    W1.0000.6800.6950.484
    O0.8580.8740.8310.998
    O0.4400.7590.8430.507
    O0.4240.7820.7680.754
    R0.8830.6491.0000.888
    R0.0190.0000.0210.000
    R0.9230.7630.9840.971
    Y0.8270.8700.8710.448
    Y0.4440.3650.3960.439
    Y0.5440.8480.7981.000
    B0.2840.4540.3860.290
    B0.7680.8650.5820.765
    B0.2260.5090.4380.998
    L0.6900.6640.5010.644
    L0.3360.3010.4650.964
    L0.5110.6640.7910.821
    P0.6650.4000.7460.721
    P0.8940.3610.9300.876
    P0.0000.0030.0000.536
    S0.9110.8890.7030.969
    S0.4340.1920.4510.597
    S0.9270.9530.8030.930
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  各指标在不同意象下的权重指标

    词汇选择率反应时FZFP1F3F7
    现代的0.0480.2310.1330.170.1310.287
    经典的0.1890.3390.1020.1260.1520.091
    华丽的0.1130.3650.1280.1650.1630.067
    活泼的0.2420.3110.1230.1330.1090.082
    个性的0.0740.2030.1880.1690.120.246
    素雅的0.2970.2910.120.1260.0960.07
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  不同样本在各意象下的相对贴进度排序

    编号现代的经典的华丽的活泼的个性的素雅的
    UiCUiCUiCUiCUiCUiC
    W0.546160.73560.32160.60980.67990.7434
    W0.544170.689100.335150.378110.74860.4310
    W0.447200.7740.364140.278220.52180.40812
    O0.78840.387130.87210.81130.77540.34315
    O0.8110.21210.7360.70770.337220.28420
    O0.623120.105230.6690.76740.8510.26921
    R0.71180.72870.77540.544100.661110.39813
    R0.455190.321160.66980.76250.573130.13224
    R0.578140.284180.616100.60590.271230.35514
    Y0.64110.392120.70370.81220.55150.32216
    Y0.479180.357150.81720.72160.671100.18223
    Y0.68990.088240.605110.85810.591120.28919
    B0.75450.73950.313180.339140.79520.5617
    B0.363220.444110.314170.203230.544160.41411
    B0.425210.207220.291190.324160.73670.31218
    L0.75260.266190.237220.367120.75150.4339
    L0.567150.379140.227230.329150.531170.26722
    L0.351230.314170.261210.315190.73580.31317
    P0.73670.84420.411120.323170.572140.7663
    P0.79730.69490.76350.347130.415200.746
    P0.588130.222200.7930.3200.79430.5488
    S0.673100.84910.283200.291210.499190.9291
    S0.80220.82730.403130.177240.095240.7415
    S0.206240.71180.189240.317180.356210.8612
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  “素雅的且经典的”样本综合排序结果

    编号Ui编号Ui编号Ui
    S1.778R1.126R0.639
    P1.610W1.119L0.627
    S1.572B0.858Y0.539
    S1.568P0.770B0.519
    W1.478O0.730O0.494
    P1.434Y0.714R0.453
    B1.300L0.699Y0.377
    W1.178L0.646O0.374
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-05-08
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-05-29
  • 刊出日期:  2023-05-25

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