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OpenSim环境下人体下肢行走生物力学特性研究

郭超 何育民 孙朝阳 汪朝晖

郭超,何育民,孙朝阳, 等. OpenSim环境下人体下肢行走生物力学特性研究[J]. 机械科学与技术,2021,0(0):1-6 doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20200225
引用本文: 郭超,何育民,孙朝阳, 等. OpenSim环境下人体下肢行走生物力学特性研究[J]. 机械科学与技术,2021,0(0):1-6 doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20200225
GUO Chao, HE Yumin, SUN Zhaoyang, WANG Zhaohui. Exploring Biomechanical Characteristics of Human Lower Limb Walk using the OpenSim Software[J]. Mechanical Science and Technology for Aerospace Engineering. doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20200225
Citation: GUO Chao, HE Yumin, SUN Zhaoyang, WANG Zhaohui. Exploring Biomechanical Characteristics of Human Lower Limb Walk using the OpenSim Software[J]. Mechanical Science and Technology for Aerospace Engineering. doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20200225

OpenSim环境下人体下肢行走生物力学特性研究

doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20200225
基金项目: 陕西省自然科学基础研究计划项目(2014JM7269)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    郭超(1994−),硕士研究生,研究方向为下肢外骨骼的设计与研究,gcjx7811735@163.com

    通讯作者:

    何育民,副教授,博士,he_yumin@163.com

  • 中图分类号: G804.66

Exploring Biomechanical Characteristics of Human Lower Limb Walk using the OpenSim Software

  • 摘要: 为了分析人体以不同速度和不同负重行走工况下的下肢生物力学特性,基于生物力学分析软件OpenSim建立一种人体下肢肌肉骨骼模型。利用逆向动力学,以地面支反力和运动控制点坐标为驱动,完成了人体以不同速度和负重工况下的步态行走仿真。得到人体以相同速度不同负重和相同负重不同速度行走工况下,踝关节、膝关节和髋关节的力矩变化曲线,分析了行走速度和负重与关节力矩之间的变化关系,得出行走速度和负重与关节力矩的变化呈正相关关系;给出了比目鱼肌、腓肠肌和胫骨前肌的肌肉活性变化曲线,讨论了行走速度和负重与肌肉活性之间的联系,得出肌肉活性随着行走速度和负重的增加而增加。
  • 图  1  人体下肢肌肉骨骼模型

    图  2  步态周期划分图

    图  3  不同速度工况下的关节力矩曲线图

    图  4  不同行走速度工况下肌肉活性曲线图

    图  5  不同负重工况下的关节力矩曲线图

    图  6  不同负重工况下的肌肉活性曲线图

    表  1  人体下肢尺寸

    部位名称质量/kg长度/m
    髋关节9.760.177
    大腿(右)7.020.51
    大腿(左)7.020.51
    小腿(右)3.290.62
    小腿(左)3.290.62
    右脚0.740.28
    左脚0.740.28
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-12-11
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-04-21

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