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减震稳扭旋冲钻井提速工具可变节流口特性分析

赵建军 赵晨熙 崔晓杰 胡群爱

赵建军,赵晨熙,崔晓杰, 等. 减震稳扭旋冲钻井提速工具可变节流口特性分析[J]. 机械科学与技术,2021,40(4):592-597 doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20200083
引用本文: 赵建军,赵晨熙,崔晓杰, 等. 减震稳扭旋冲钻井提速工具可变节流口特性分析[J]. 机械科学与技术,2021,40(4):592-597 doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20200083
ZHAO Jianjun, ZHAO Chenxi, CUI Xiaojie, HU Qun'ai. Characteristic Analysis of Variable Orifice of Damping Steady Torque Percussion Drilling Acceleration Tool[J]. Mechanical Science and Technology for Aerospace Engineering, 2021, 40(4): 592-597. doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20200083
Citation: ZHAO Jianjun, ZHAO Chenxi, CUI Xiaojie, HU Qun'ai. Characteristic Analysis of Variable Orifice of Damping Steady Torque Percussion Drilling Acceleration Tool[J]. Mechanical Science and Technology for Aerospace Engineering, 2021, 40(4): 592-597. doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20200083

减震稳扭旋冲钻井提速工具可变节流口特性分析

doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20200083
基金项目: 中国石化科技部攻关项目(P17050-3)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    赵建军(1986−),副研究员,博士,研究方向为钻井提速工具设计与优化,zhaojj.sripe@sinopec.com

  • 中图分类号: TG156

Characteristic Analysis of Variable Orifice of Damping Steady Torque Percussion Drilling Acceleration Tool

  • 摘要: 底部钻具组合耦合振动,不仅降低了钻头的稳定性和攻击性,还易造成钻具疲劳破坏,诱发井下事故。目前,大部分常规的辅助破岩工具只能抑制单一形式的钻具振动,针对多种振动形式耦合的复杂工况,提速效果有限。为此,提出一种减震稳扭旋冲钻井提速工具,该工具集复合冲击和减震稳扭功能于一体,可有效抑制钻头不规则振动,保证钻头平稳快速钻进。以该工具冲击能量发生单元为研究重点,建立了动静阀盘可变节流口数学模型,基于MATLAB仿真模型数值分析得到了可变节流口过流面积与节流压差之间的关系,确定了动静阀盘的几何结构参数。最后完成样机试制和地面性能测试,节流压差测试结果与仿真分析结果相符,满足现场应用需求。
  • 图  1  减震稳扭旋冲钻井提速工具总体结构图

    图  2  动静阀盘过流面积建模原理图

    图  3  动静阀盘可变节流口压力-流量特性仿真模型

    图  4  动静阀盘可变节流口面积变化曲线

    图  5  动静阀盘可变节流口压力-流量特性曲线

    图  6  冲击能量发生单元性能测试方案

    图  7  冲击能量发生机构性能测试装置

    图  8  冲击能量发生单元性能测试曲线图

    表  1  动静阀盘可变节流口几何参数

    参数名静阀盘动阀盘
    偏心孔偏心距/mm55
    偏心孔半径/mm1515
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  冲击能量发生单元性能试验结果

    排量/(m3·min−1)压力波动范围/MPa轴向冲击力/kN
    0.2 0.1~ 0.25 1.8
    0.5 0.2 ~ 0.45 3.5
    0.8 0.3 ~ 1.0 8.9
    1.1 0.6 ~ 2.2 17.5
    1.8 0.9 ~ 3.7 33.6
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-09-23
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-04-16
  • 刊出日期:  2021-04-16

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