留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

动态试验中机械转动惯量电模拟技术研究综述

王皖君 顾洲 徐漪荃 陆袁博 王东

王皖君, 顾洲, 徐漪荃, 陆袁博, 王东. 动态试验中机械转动惯量电模拟技术研究综述[J]. 机械科学与技术, 2018, 37(12): 1847-1853. doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20180135
引用本文: 王皖君, 顾洲, 徐漪荃, 陆袁博, 王东. 动态试验中机械转动惯量电模拟技术研究综述[J]. 机械科学与技术, 2018, 37(12): 1847-1853. doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20180135
Wang Wanjun, Gu Zhou, Xu Yiquan, Lu Yuanbo, Wang Dong. Review of Mechanical Inertia Electrical Emulation Technology for Dynamic Test[J]. Mechanical Science and Technology for Aerospace Engineering, 2018, 37(12): 1847-1853. doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20180135
Citation: Wang Wanjun, Gu Zhou, Xu Yiquan, Lu Yuanbo, Wang Dong. Review of Mechanical Inertia Electrical Emulation Technology for Dynamic Test[J]. Mechanical Science and Technology for Aerospace Engineering, 2018, 37(12): 1847-1853. doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20180135

动态试验中机械转动惯量电模拟技术研究综述

doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20180135
基金项目: 

江苏省高等学校自然科学研究面上项目 17KJB413002

国家自然科学基金面上项目 61473156

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王皖君(1984-), 讲师, 博士, 研究方向为机械转动惯量电模拟技术, wwjseu@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    顾洲, 教授, 博士生导师, gzh1808@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TH692.9

Review of Mechanical Inertia Electrical Emulation Technology for Dynamic Test

  • 摘要: 转动惯量决定了动态试验过程的客观性和有效性,电模拟在可控和可调性方面优于机械飞轮组模拟,是未来动态试验中惯量模拟的主流。为展现机械转动惯量电模拟技术的研究成果和促进技术进步,在阐述机械转动惯量电模拟原理的基础上分析了该技术在汽车传动系统试验台和风力机动态特性模拟领域中应用的技术特征,根据参与控制的信号将已研究的控制方法归纳为角加速度控制法、扭矩控制法和转速跟踪控制法,并分析了这些控制方法的特点和存在的问题,从工程应用的角度提出进一步研究需要考虑实际系统中的非线性摩擦及弹性特性、控制所需信号的实时检测、系统延迟的影响及补偿方法。
  • 图  1  动态试验系统扭矩-转速特性模拟装置结构图

    图  2  方法一控制原理框图

    图  3  方法二控制原理框图

    图  4  方法三控制原理框图

  • [1] Ahlawat R, Jiang S G, Medonza D, et al. On emulating engine and vehicle transient loads for transmission-in-the-loop experiments[J]. Mechatronics, 2012, 22(7):989-996 doi: 10.1016/j.mechatronics.2012.07.001
    [2] 李文礼, 石晓辉, 柯坚, 等.动力总成试验台架动态模拟技术[J].中国公路学报, 2014, 27(11):120-126 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-7372.2014.11.016

    Li W L, Shi X H, Ke J, et al. Dynamic simulation technology for powertrain test bench[J]. China Journal of Highway and Transport, 2014, 27(11):120-126(in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-7372.2014.11.016
    [3] 何承坤, 王丽芳, 张仲石, 等.基于容差控制的电动汽车动力系统动态负载模拟[J].电工电能新技术, 2015, 34(6):22-26 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-3076.2015.06.003

    He C K, Wang L F, Zhang Z S, et al. Dynamic load emulation for electric vehicle powertrain based on error tolerance control[J]. Advanced Technology of Electrical Engineering and Energy, 2015, 34(6):22-26(in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-3076.2015.06.003
    [4] 李文礼, 石晓辉, 施全, 等.车辆动力总成试验台动态模拟控制方法[J].中国机械工程, 2015, 26(2):278-283 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-132X.2015.02.027

    Li W L, Shi X H, Shi Q, et al. Research on dynamic load emulation for powertrain testbench[J]. China Mechanical Engineering, 2015, 26(2):278-283(in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-132X.2015.02.027
    [5] Fajri P, Prabhala V A K, Ferdowsi M. Emulating on-road operating conditions for electric-drive propulsion systems[J]. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 2016, 31(1):1-11 doi: 10.1109/TEC.2015.2481180
    [6] Ma J J, Liu X Y, Wu B D, et al. Compensation of inertia error in brake dynamometer testing[J]. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D:Journal of Automobile Engineering, 2010, 224(3):355-359 doi: 10.1243/09544070JAUTO1272
    [7] 杨前坤.混合惯量模拟制动器试验台系统的研究[D].合肥: 合肥工业大学, 2013 http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10359-1013247602.htm

    Yang Q K. Research on mixing inertia simulation system of brake test bench[D]. Hefei: Hefei University of Technology, 2013(in Chinese) http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10359-1013247602.htm
    [8] Fajri P, Lee S, Prabhala V A K, et al. Modeling and integration of electric vehicle regenerative and friction braking for motor/dynamometer test bench emulation[J]. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 2016, 65(6):4264-4273 doi: 10.1109/TVT.2015.2504363
    [9] 郭鸿浩.基于永磁无刷直流电动机的风力机模拟系统研究[D].南京: 南京航空航天大学, 2014 http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10287-1015951785.htm

    Guo H H. Behavior emulation of wind turbine based on permanent magnet brushless DC motor[D]. Nanjing: Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2014(in Chinese) http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10287-1015951785.htm
    [10] Jassmann U, Reiter M, Abel D. An innovative method for rotor inertia emulation at wind turbine test benches[J]. IFPC Proceedings Volumes, 2014, 47(3):10107-10112 doi: 10.3182/20140824-6-ZA-1003.02618
    [11] 孟岩峰, 胡书举, 李旭, 等.应用于动模试验系统的风电模拟技术研究[J].电工技术学报, 2016, 31(3):130-137 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6753.2016.03.017

    Meng Y F, Hu S J, Li X, et al. Research on wind power simulation technology applied to power system dynamic simulation test system[J]. Transactions of China Electrotechnical Society, 2016, 31(3):130-137(in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6753.2016.03.017
    [12] Gonzalez-Longatt F M. Impact of emulated inertia from wind power on under-frequency protection schemes of future power systems[J]. Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy, 2016, 4(2):211-218 doi: 10.1007/s40565-015-0143-x
    [13] Averous N R, Stieneker M, Kock S, et al. Development of a 4 MW full-Size wind-turbine test bench[J]. IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, 2017, 5(2):600-609 doi: 10.1109/JESTPE.2017.2667399
    [14] Chen S Q, Song B F, Wang H F. Exploring design of universal propeller simulator for airship propulsion system's driving motor[J]. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part Ⅰ:Journal of Systems and Control Engineering, 2014, 228(8):612-620 http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=16049ee2bcc6380cd24140b132a4630c
    [15] 范辉, 贺海涛, 汤天浩.电力推进船的螺旋桨负载特性仿真与模拟试验[J].中国航海, 2017, 40(2):19-24, 43 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-4653.2017.02.005

    Fan H, He H T, Tang T H. Simulation and test of load characteristics of propeller in electric propulsion ships[J]. Navigation of China, 2017, 40(2):19-24, 43(in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-4653.2017.02.005
    [16] 席亮亮, 王海峰, 宋笔锋, 等.飞艇螺旋桨推进系统动态特性验证方法研究[J].西北工业大学学报, 2017, 35(1):20-25 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2758.2017.01.004

    Xi L L, Wang H F, Song B F, et al. Research on dynamic performance verification method for propulsion system of airship[J]. Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University, 2017, 35(1):20-25(in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2758.2017.01.004
    [17] 王皖君.基于电惯量的传动系试验台关键技术研究[D].南京: 东南大学, 2012 http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=degree&id=Y2272547

    Wang W J. Research on key technologies for driveline test bench with electrical inertia[D]. Nanjing: Southeast University, 2012(in Chinese) http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=degree&id=Y2272547
    [18] Fajri P, Ahmadi R, Ferdowsi M. Test bench for emulating electric-drive vehicle systems using equivalent vehicle rotational inertia[C]//Proceedings of 2013 IEEE Power and Energy Conference at Illinois. Champaign: IEEE, 2013: 83-87
    [19] Fajri P, Ahmadi R, Ferdowsi M. Control approach based on equivalent vehicle rotational inertia suitable for motor-dynamometer test bench emulation of electric vehicles[C]//Proceedings of 2013 International Electric Machines & Drives Conference. Chicago, Illinois: IEEE, 2013: 1155-1159
    [20] 闻居博.传动试验台架负载电模拟技术研究[D].上海: 上海交通大学, 2011 http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10248-1011268090.htm

    Wen J B. Research on electrical dynamic load emulation for powertrain test bench[D]. Shanghai: Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 2011(in Chinese) http://cdmd.cnki.com.cn/Article/CDMD-10248-1011268090.htm
    [21] 郭鸿浩, 周波, 刘颖, 等.基于负载转矩观测的风力机动静态特性模拟[J].中国电机工程学报, 2013, 33(27):145-153 http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zgdjgcxb201327040

    Guo H H, Zhou B, Liu Y, et al. Static and dynamic behaviour emulation of wind turbine based on load torque observation[J]. Proceedings of the CSEE, 2013, 33(27):145-153(in Chinese) http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/zgdjgcxb201327040
    [22] 刘颖, 周波, 郭鸿浩, 等.基于转矩伪微分反馈的风轮机动静态特性模拟[J].电工技术学报, 2014, 29(11):116-125 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6753.2014.11.014

    Liu Y, Zhou B, Guo H H, et al. Static and dynamic behaviour emulation of wind turbine based on torque PDF[J]. Transactions of China Electrotechnical Society, 2014, 29(11):116-125(in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6753.2014.11.014
    [23] 叶晓, 金振华, 高大威, 等.测功机动态负载模拟算法[J].清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2013, 53(10):1492-1497 http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=SciencePaper201404040000017729

    Ye X, Jin Z H, Gao D W, et al. Dynamometer controller algorithm for road load emulations[J]. Journal of Tsinghua University (Science and Technology), 2013, 53(10):1492-1497(in Chinese) http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=SciencePaper201404040000017729
    [24] Kyslan A K, Ďurovský F. Dynamic emulation of mechanical loads-an approach based on industrial drives' features[J]. Automatika, 2013, 54(3):356-363 doi: 10.7305/automatika.54-3.184
    [25] 邹喜红, 苟迅, 征小梅, 等.自动变速器动态负载模拟虚拟试验方法研究[J].机械传动, 2017, 41(6):36-41 http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=QKC20172017070500108891

    Zou X H, Gou X, Zheng X M, et al. Research of the virtual test method for dynamic load simulation of automatic transmission[J]. Journal of Mechanical Transmission, 2017, 41(6):36-41(in Chinese) http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=QKC20172017070500108891
    [26] 熊会元, 韩祥, 胡意, 等.驾驶员在环的电驱动系统模拟试验台研究与开发[J].汽车技术, 2016, 488(5):52-56 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-3703.2016.05.011

    Xiong H Y, Han X, Hu Y, et al. Research and development of simulation test bench for electric drive system of human-in-the-loop[J]. Automobile Technology, 2016, 488(5):52-56(in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-3703.2016.05.011
    [27] 张志刚, 石晓辉, 施全.离合器试验系统机械惯量电模拟控制方法研究[J].机械科学与技术, 2015, 34(4):603-606 http://journals.nwpu.edu.cn/jxkxyjs/CN/abstract/abstract6023.shtml

    Zhang Z G, Shi X H, Shi Q. Study on control method of electric emulation for mechanical inertia in clutch test system[J]. Mechanical Science and Technology for Aerospace Engineering, 2015, 34(4):603-606(in Chinese) http://journals.nwpu.edu.cn/jxkxyjs/CN/abstract/abstract6023.shtml
    [28] 张仲石, 王丽芳, 张俊智.前驱电动汽车防抱死制动中滑移率控制的动态负载模拟[J].汽车工程, 2017, 39(3):288-295 http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/qcgc201703008

    Zhang Z S, Wang L F, Zhang J Z. Dynamic load emulation of slip ratio control in anti-lock braking of a front-axle-drive electric vehicle[J]. Automotive Engineering, 2017, 39(3):288-295(in Chinese) http://d.old.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical/qcgc201703008
    [29] 刘力康, 闻居博, 董逾.汽车传动系动态性能试验台驱动模拟方案的控制与仿真[J].传动技术, 2011, 25(3):26-31, 10 doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-8244.2011.03.004

    Liu L K, Wen J B, Dong Y. The control and simulation of dynamic drive emulation on the automotive transmission dynamometer[J]. Drive System Technique, 2011, 25(3):26-31, 10(in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-8244.2011.03.004
  • 加载中
图(4)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  729
  • HTML全文浏览量:  273
  • PDF下载量:  405
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-11-25
  • 刊出日期:  2018-12-05

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回