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小型金属窄带恒张力卷绕控制系统设计

仉月仙

仉月仙. 小型金属窄带恒张力卷绕控制系统设计[J]. 机械科学与技术,2023,42(3):396-401 doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20230081
引用本文: 仉月仙. 小型金属窄带恒张力卷绕控制系统设计[J]. 机械科学与技术,2023,42(3):396-401 doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20230081
ZHANG Yuexian. Design of Control System for Small Metal Narrow-bandConstant Tension Winding[J]. Mechanical Science and Technology for Aerospace Engineering, 2023, 42(3): 396-401. doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20230081
Citation: ZHANG Yuexian. Design of Control System for Small Metal Narrow-bandConstant Tension Winding[J]. Mechanical Science and Technology for Aerospace Engineering, 2023, 42(3): 396-401. doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20230081

小型金属窄带恒张力卷绕控制系统设计

doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20230081
详细信息
    作者简介:

    仉月仙(1963−),副教授,本科,研究方向为自动化、过程测量与控制,694319096@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: TP273、TH39

Design of Control System for Small Metal Narrow-bandConstant Tension Winding

  • 摘要: 针对金属窄带材卷绕质量要求,设计了一套恒张力控制系统。分析了金属窄带材卷绕生产工艺过程控制中张力产生及其影响因素,在保持恒张力控制的基础上,提出、设计、制作了窄带材卷绕的双闭环、串级、动态控制系统。采用单片机为核心控制单元实现信号采集与控制信号输出,以三相交流力矩电机为主执行机构,结合转速、张力双闭环控制,实现了基于力矩电机的带材卷绕可控恒张力机构;同时以步进电机为辅执行器,以位移检测为反馈量的盘绕机构横移控制;以及以带材厚度为前馈信号的超前控制。通过设计电路图、制作电路板、系统集成应用效果表现出,带材卷绕过程用力均匀,张力稳定,匝间间隙合适,层间松紧适度,盘绕平整、均匀,保证了生产质量。
  • 图  1  卷绕系统模型图

    图  2  收放圆筒传动示意图

    图  3  收卷筒横移原理图

    图  4  系统控制框图

    图  5  控制原理图

    图  6  转速调节器工作原理图

    图  7  步进电机调速电路板图

    图  8  控制器实物图

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-07-06
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-04-21
  • 刊出日期:  2023-03-25

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