留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

滚动体直径误差对轴承噪声特性影响的实验研究

邱洪顺 佐景涛 陈观慈 毛华萍

邱洪顺,佐景涛,陈观慈, 等. 滚动体直径误差对轴承噪声特性影响的实验研究[J]. 机械科学与技术,2023,42(8):1184-1191 doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20220052
引用本文: 邱洪顺,佐景涛,陈观慈, 等. 滚动体直径误差对轴承噪声特性影响的实验研究[J]. 机械科学与技术,2023,42(8):1184-1191 doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20220052
QIU Hongshun, ZUO Jingtao, CHEN Guanci, MAO Huaping. Experimental Study on Influence of Diameter Error of Roller on Noise Characteristics of Bearings[J]. Mechanical Science and Technology for Aerospace Engineering, 2023, 42(8): 1184-1191. doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20220052
Citation: QIU Hongshun, ZUO Jingtao, CHEN Guanci, MAO Huaping. Experimental Study on Influence of Diameter Error of Roller on Noise Characteristics of Bearings[J]. Mechanical Science and Technology for Aerospace Engineering, 2023, 42(8): 1184-1191. doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20220052

滚动体直径误差对轴承噪声特性影响的实验研究

doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.20220052
详细信息
    作者简介:

    邱洪顺(1997−),硕士研究生,研究方向为旋转机械故障检测与信号处理,1944740359@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    陈观慈,教授,博士,gcchen@kust.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TH133.33;TB53

Experimental Study on Influence of Diameter Error of Roller on Noise Characteristics of Bearings

  • 摘要: 滚动体在加工制造过程中往往受研磨设备的精度、磨盘参数及沟槽形状、加工参数(压力、转速等)和“误差复映”现象等因素的影响而存在一定的直径误差,且在轴承装配时可能将具有不同直径误差的滚动体混装,故研究滚动体直径误差对轴承噪声的影响具有重要意义。以D17621N4Q型双半内圈角接触球轴承为例,通过设计实验采集在不同直径误差和排布方式工况下的噪声信号,分别提取信号的有效声压和小波包-AR能量熵两个特征参数,从噪声信号的强弱和混乱程度两个角度进行分析。实验结果表明:误差滚动体的大小、个数以及不同的排布方式都会对滚动轴承的噪声特性造成一定规律的影响,对误差滚动体进行合理排布,能有效降低滚动轴承的运转噪声。
  • 图  1  轴承实物图和滚动体编号

    Figure  1.  Bearing physical drawing and rolling element number

    图  2  S0910-ⅡA型轴承振动噪声测量仪

    Figure  2.  S0910-ⅡA bearing vibration and noise measuring instrument

    图  3  噪声信号采集示意图

    Figure  3.  Noise signal acquisition diagram

    图  4  单个滚动体存在误差时,各工况的时域波形图和有效声压值

    Figure  4.  Time domain waveform diagram and effective sound pressure value of each working condition when the error in single rolling element

    图  5  误差滚动体连续排布时,各工况的时域波形图和有效声压值

    Figure  5.  Time domain waveform diagram and effective sound pressure value of each working condition when the error rolling element is continuously arranged

    图  6  连续排布与间隔排布时的有效声压值

    Figure  6.  Effective sound pressure value for continuous and spacing arrangement

    图  7  误差滚动体对称排布时,各工况的时域波形图 和有效声压值

    Figure  7.  Time domain waveform diagram and effective sound pressure value of each working condition when the error rolling element is symmetrically arranged

    图  8  单个滚动体存在直径误差时,滚动轴承噪声信号的 小波包-AR谱能量和能量熵

    Figure  8.  The wavelet package-AR spectrum energy and energy entropy of noise signal of rolling bearing when single rolling element has diameter error

    图  9  误差滚动体连续排布时,各频带的 小波包-AR能量能量熵

    Figure  9.  The wavelet package-AR energy energy entropy of each frequency band when the error rolling element is continuously arranged

    图  10  误差滚动体间隔排布时,小波包-AR谱能量 和能量熵

    Figure  10.  The wavelet package-AR energy energy entropy of each frequency band when the error rolling element is spacingly arranged

    图  11  误差滚动体连续排布与间隔排布时, 小波包-AR谱能量和能量熵

    Figure  11.  The wavelet package-AR energy energy entropy of each frequency band when the error rolling elements are continuously and spacingly arranged

    表  1  连续排布

    Table  1.   Continuous arrangement

    工况滚动体编号
    1234567891011121314
    1−5+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1
    2−5−5+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1
    3−5−5−5+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1
    4−5−5−5−5+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1
    5−5−5−5−5−5+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1
    6−5−5−5−5−5−5+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1
    7−5−5−5−5−5−5−5+1+1+1+1+1+1+1
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  间隔排布

    Table  2.   Spacing arrangement

    工况滚动体编号
    1234567891011121314
    1−5+1−5+1−5+1−5+1−5+1−5+1−5+1
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  对称排布

    Table  3.   Symmetrical arrangement

    工况滚动体编号
    1234567891011121314
    1−5+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1−5
    2+1−5+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1−5+1
    3+1+1−5+1+1+1+1+1+1+1+1−5+1+1
    4+1+1+1−5+1+1+1+1+1+1−5+1+1+1
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 夏新涛, 马伟, 颉谭成, 等. 滚动轴承制造工艺学[M]. 北京: 机械工业出版社, 2007

    XIA X T, MA W, JIE T C, et al. Rolling bearing manufacturing technology[M]. Beijing: China Machine Press, 2007. (in Chinese)
    [2] NOGUCHI S, HIRUMA K, KAWA H, et al. The influence of location of balls and ball diameter difference in rolling bearings on the nonrepetitive runout (NRRO) of retainer revolution[J]. Precision Engineering, 2005, 29(1): 11-18. doi: 10.1016/j.precisioneng.2004.03.003
    [3] 陈振强, 薛玉君, 余永健, 等. 滚子直径误差及排布对轴承径向跳动的影响[J]. 组合机床与自动化加工技术, 2016(10): 78-82. doi: 10.13462/j.cnki.mmtamt.2016.10.021

    CHEN Z Q, XUE Y J, YU Y J, et al. Effect of rollers diameter error and rollers distribution on the radial runout of bearing[J]. Modular Machine Tool & Automatic Manufacturing Technique, 2016(10): 78-82. (in Chinese) doi: 10.13462/j.cnki.mmtamt.2016.10.021
    [4] 余永健, 陈国定, 李济顺, 等. 滚子几何误差对圆柱滚子轴承旋转精度的影响[J]. 西北工业大学学报, 2019, 37(4): 774-784. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2758.2019.04.018

    YU Y J, CHEN G D, LI J S, et al. Influence of geometric error of rollers on rotational accuracy of cylindrical roller bearings[J]. Journal of Northwestern Polytechnical University, 2019, 37(4): 774-784. (in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2758.2019.04.018
    [5] 杨家鹏, 熊文莉, 安琦. 滚子直径误差对双列调心轴承疲劳寿命的影响[J]. 华东理工大学学报(自然科学版), 2019, 45(3): 491-497. doi: 10.14135/j.cnki.1006-3080.20180411001

    YANG J P, XIONG W L, AN Q. Effect of roller diameter error on the fatigue life of double row self-aligning roller bearing[J]. Journal of East China University of Science and Technology, 2019, 45(3): 491-497. (in Chinese) doi: 10.14135/j.cnki.1006-3080.20180411001
    [6] 粟爽格, 安琦. 考虑滚子直径误差和安装变形时圆柱滚子轴承的力学特性[J]. 轴承, 2020(8): 1-7. doi: 10.19533/j.issn1000-3762.2020.08.001

    SU S G, AN Q. Mechanical properties of cylindrical roller bearing with considering roller diameter error and mounting deformation of bearings[J]. Bearing, 2020(8): 1-7. (in Chinese) doi: 10.19533/j.issn1000-3762.2020.08.001
    [7] CHEN G C, WANG B K, MAO F H. Effects of raceway roundness and roller diameter errors on clearance and runout of a cylindrical roller bearing[J]. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J:Journal of Engineering Tribology, 2013, 227(3): 275-285. doi: 10.1177/1350650112462312
    [8] 张琦涛. 深沟球轴承径向运动噪声计算方法研究[D]. 上海: 华东理工大学, 2019

    ZHANG Q T. Research on the calculation method of radial motion noise for deep groove ball bearings[D]. Shanghai: East China University of Science and Technology, 2019. (in Chinese)
    [9] 白晓天, 石怀涛, 张珂, 等. 滚动体尺寸误差对全陶瓷球轴承辐射噪声影响分析[J]. 振动与冲击, 2020, 39(19): 55-61. doi: 10.13465/j.cnki.jvs.2020.19.009

    BAI X T, SHI H T, ZHANG K, et al. Effects of ball size errors on radiated noise of full ceramic ball bearing[J]. Journal of Vibration and Shock, 2020, 39(19): 55-61. (in Chinese) doi: 10.13465/j.cnki.jvs.2020.19.009
    [10] 李洪杰. 结构参数对轴承噪声的影响分析[J]. 中国石油石化, 2013(24): 71-72.

    LI H J. Influence of structural parameters on vibration and noise of bearings[J]. Taiyuan:Taiyuan University of Science and Technology, 2013(24): 71-72. (in Chinese)
    [11] 孙敏杰, 安琦. 考虑三维波纹度影响的深沟球轴承振动噪声计算方法研究[J]. 华东理工大学学报(自然科学版), 2021, 47(4): 494-503. doi: 10.14135/j.cnki.1006-3080.20200411005

    SUN M J, AN Q. Calculation method of radiation noise for deep groove ball bearing with considering 3D waviness of raceways[J]. Journal of East China University of Science and Technology, 2021, 47(4): 494-503. (in Chinese) doi: 10.14135/j.cnki.1006-3080.20200411005
    [12] 王家亮, 陈云, 李兴林, 等. 轴承振动噪声测试分析[C]//第五届中国轴承论坛论文集. 洛阳: 中国轴承工业协会, 2009: 91-95

    WANG J L, CHEN Y, LI X L, et al. Measuring and analyzing on the vibration and noise of rolling bearing[C]//Proceedings of the 5th China Bearing Forum Symposium. Luoyang, 2009: 91-95. (in Chinese)
    [13] 常春, 王国威, 梅捡民, 等. 基于小波包-AR谱和支持向量机的连杆轴承故障诊断[J]. 军事交通学院学报, 2015, 17(4): 40-44. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-2192.2015.04.010

    CHANG C, WANG G W, MEI J M, et al. Connecting rod bearing fault diagnosis based on the wavelet packet-auto regressive model spectrum and support vector machine[J]. Journal of Military Transportation University, 2015, 17(4): 40-44. (in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-2192.2015.04.010
    [14] 马金山. 基于小波包和AR谱分析的滚动轴承故障诊断[J]. 机械管理开发, 2011(1): 90-91. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-773X.2011.01.035

    MA J S. Fault diagnosis of rolling bearing based on wavelet packet and AR spectrum analysis[J]. Mechanical Management and Development, 2011(1): 90-91. (in Chinese) doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-773X.2011.01.035
    [15] 刘国增, 赵建民, 张鑫, 等. 基于小波包AR能量熵和平滑样条的轴承退化状态评估[J]. 轴承, 2019(8): 58-63. doi: 10.19533/j.issn1000-3762.2019.08.015

    LIU G Z, ZHAO J M, ZHANG X, et al. Assessment on degradation state for bearings based on wavelet packet AR energy entropy and smoothing spline[J]. Bearing, 2019(8): 58-63. (in Chinese) doi: 10.19533/j.issn1000-3762.2019.08.015
  • 加载中
图(11) / 表(3)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  38
  • HTML全文浏览量:  18
  • PDF下载量:  22
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-07-01
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-09-13
  • 刊出日期:  2023-08-31

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回