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航空发动机轴承内环松动理论研究

桑潇潇 廖明夫

桑潇潇, 廖明夫. 航空发动机轴承内环松动理论研究[J]. 机械科学与技术, 2017, 36(1): 127-138. doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.2017.0119
引用本文: 桑潇潇, 廖明夫. 航空发动机轴承内环松动理论研究[J]. 机械科学与技术, 2017, 36(1): 127-138. doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.2017.0119
Sang Xiaoxiao, Liao Mingfu. Theoretical Investigation on Loose Inner Ring of Aero-engine Bearing[J]. Mechanical Science and Technology for Aerospace Engineering, 2017, 36(1): 127-138. doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.2017.0119
Citation: Sang Xiaoxiao, Liao Mingfu. Theoretical Investigation on Loose Inner Ring of Aero-engine Bearing[J]. Mechanical Science and Technology for Aerospace Engineering, 2017, 36(1): 127-138. doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.2017.0119

航空发动机轴承内环松动理论研究

doi: 10.13433/j.cnki.1003-8728.2017.0119
详细信息
    作者简介:

    桑潇潇(1985-),博士研究生,研究方向为航空发动机结构动力学研究,aeront@hotmail.com

    通讯作者:

    廖明夫(联系人),教授,博士生导师,mfliao@nwpu.edu.cn

Theoretical Investigation on Loose Inner Ring of Aero-engine Bearing

  • 摘要: 研究了轴承内环松动的航空发动机转子系统的振动特性。结合内环间隙的轴承组件的结构和几何特点,研究轴承内环和锁紧螺母之间的相对运动关系。在此基础上提出了轴承内环和锁紧螺母之间滑动摩擦载荷的计算方法。建立了带有轴承内环间隙的竖式转子的动力学方程。该方程考虑了内环间隙带来的刚度非线性以及内环和锁紧螺母之间的摩擦载荷带来的阻尼非线性。数值求解动力学方程,得到转子系统的振动响应如波形、频谱和轴心轨迹等。定量研究转子结构参数,如转子的不平衡量、内环间隙尺寸和锁紧螺母拧紧力矩等对转子振动特性的影响。结果表明:内环端面和锁紧螺母之间的内摩擦取决于它们的相对运动关系,正比于锁紧螺母拧紧力矩,并可能促进转子同步正进动,进而导致转子失稳;转子失稳时,振动响应包含系统固有频率、工频及固有频率和工频的差频3种等频率成分;转子不平衡量、内环间隙大小和锁紧螺母拧紧力矩等均对转子的失稳产生影响;合理控制这些参数可以避免因内环松动导致的转子失稳。
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-03-23
  • 刊出日期:  2017-01-16

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