自由声场中集群式有源控制系统降噪性能的影响因素研究 -- 西北工业大学学报,2017,35(4):635-642
论文:2017,Vol:35,Issue(4):635-642
引用本文:
玉昊昕, 陈克安, 魏秦华. 自由声场中集群式有源控制系统降噪性能的影响因素研究[J]. 西北工业大学学报
Yu Haoxin, Chen Kean, Wei Qinhua. Influence Factors of Noise Reduction for a Cluster Active Control System in Free Space[J]. Northwestern polytechnical university

自由声场中集群式有源控制系统降噪性能的影响因素研究
玉昊昕1, 陈克安1, 魏秦华2
1. 西北工业大学 航海学院, 陕西 西安 710072;
2. 中航工业陕西飞机工业(集团)有限公司, 陕西 汉中 723213
摘要:
与集中式有源控制系统相比,集群式系统具有实现成本低、扩展灵活的优点,因此其降噪性能的影响因素研究对工程应用有指导意义。首先对集群式系统进行建模,并用最小二乘法求解出最优次级源强度;然后推导得出集群式系统与集中式系统等效的充分条件;最后,分析了不满足等效条件时,自由空间中控制单元划分和布局方式对降噪性能的影响。结果表明,集群式系统与集中式系统等效的充分条件是:系统误差传感器数小于或等于次级源数,并且控制单元声阻抗矩阵与系统声阻抗矩阵都满秩。在不满足上述条件时,只要满足以下2个条件,集群式系统的性能损失很小:a)各控制单元内误差传感器数要不都大于等于次级源数,要不都小于等于次级源数;b)各控制单元子阻抗矩阵满秩。
关键词:    有源噪声控制    自由声场    集群式控制系统    声阻抗矩阵   
Influence Factors of Noise Reduction for a Cluster Active Control System in Free Space
Yu Haoxin1, Chen Kean1, Wei Qinhua2
1. School of Marine Science and Technology, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China;
2. Shaanxi Aircraft Corporation, Hanzhong 723213, China
Abstract:
Comparing with the centralized active noise control system, a cluster system has the advantages of low implementation costs and flexible extensions, hence it is helpful to examine the influence factors of noise reduction performance of the cluster active system for engineering applications. Firstly, a theoretical model is established and the optimal strengths of secondary sources are obtained using the least square method. Then sufficient conditions related to equivalent performances of the cluster and centralized system are derived. Finally, the influence of unit partition and layout on noise reduction is analyzed when the equivalent condition cannot meet in a free space. The results demonstrate that when the number of the error sensors are less than or equal to that of secondary sources, and the acoustic impedance matrices of the control units and the system are both full rank, the cluster system is equivalent to the centralized system. When the equivalent condition isn't met, the performance of the cluster system degrades small if for each unit both of the following conditions are satisfied: a) the number of the error sensors should be greater than or equal to, or all smaller than or equal to the number of the secondary sources; b) the sub-impedance matrices should be full rank.
Key words:    active noise control    free space    cluster control system    acoustic impedance matrix   
收稿日期: 2017-02-12     修回日期:
DOI:
基金项目: 民用飞机专项科研项目(MJ-2015-F-044)资助
通讯作者:     Email:
作者简介: 玉昊昕(1987—),西北工业大学博士研究生,主要从事噪声有源控制研究。
相关功能
PDF(1408KB) Free
打印本文
把本文推荐给朋友
作者相关文章
玉昊昕  在本刊中的所有文章
陈克安  在本刊中的所有文章
魏秦华  在本刊中的所有文章

参考文献:
[1] Stewart R W, McDonald J R, Weiss S. Active Noise Control of an Electricity Substation 275kV Transformer[C]//Proceedings of the 2nd Biennial European Joint Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, 1994: 375-381
[2] Zou H, Huang X, Hu S. Applying an Active Noise Barrier on a 110 kV Power Transformer in Hunan[C]//43rd International Congress on Noise Control Engineering, 2014: 5561-5567
[3] Nelson P A, Curtis A R D, Elliott S J. The Minimum Power Output of Free Field Point Sources and the Active Control of Sound[J]. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 1987, 116(3): 397-414
[4] William S Levine. The Control Handbook [M]. Boca Raton CRC Press, 1996
[5] Brungardt K, Vierengel J, Weissman K. Active Structural Acoustic Control of Noise from Power Transformers [C]//INTER-NOISE and NOISE-CON Congress and Conference Proceedings, 1997: 173-184
[6] Slothers I. Active Sound Control on the Flight Deck of a C130 Hercules[C]//INTER-NOISE and NOISE-CON Congress and Conference Proceedings, 2004: 162-171
[7] Yu H, Chen K. Experimental Study on Cluster Active Control of Tonal Noise in Enclosed Space[C]//21st International Congress on Sound and Vibration, 2014: 1738-1745
[8] Elliott S J, Boucher C C. Interaction between Multiple Feedforward Active Control Systems[J]. IEEE Trans on Speech and Audio Processing, 1994, 2(4): 521-530
[9] Leboucher E, Micheau P, Berry A. A Stability Analysis of a Decentralized Adaptive Feedback Active Control System of Sinusoidal Sound in Free Space[J]. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 2002, 111(1): 189-199
[10] Zhang L, Tao J, Qiu X. Performance Analysis of Decentralized Multi-Channel Feedback Systems for Active Noise Control in Free Space[J]. Applied Acoustics, 2013, 74(1): 181-188
[11] Yu H, Chen K, Sang Z. A Stability Analysis of Cluster Active Control System of Sinusoidal Sound in Free Space[C]//43rd International Congress on Noise Control Engineering, 2014
[12] 马玺越, 陈克安, 丁少虎,等. 基于平面声源的三层有源隔声结构物理机制研究 [J]. 声学学报, 2013, 38(5): 597-606 Ma Xiyue, Chen Ke'an, Ding Shaohu, et al. Physical Mechanisms of Active Control of Sound Transmission through Triple-Layer Structure Using Planar Loudspeaker[J]. Acta Acustica, 2013, 38(5): 597-606 (in Chinese)
[13] 李彦, 何琳, 帅长庚. 多通道窄带Fx-Newton时频算法及动力机械有源隔振实验[J]. 声学学报, 2015, 40(3): 391-403 Li Yan, He Lin, Shuai Changgeng. MIMO Fx-Nweton Narrowband Algorithm and Experiment of Active Virbration Isolation on Disesel Generator[J]. Acta Acustica, 2015, 40(3): 391-403 (in Chinese)
[14] Wright S E, Vuksanovic B. Active Control of Environmental Noise[J]. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 1996, 190(3): 565-585