跨声速轴流压气机多叶排反问题优化方法 -- 西北工业大学学报,2016,34(1):118-124
论文:2016,Vol:34,Issue(1):118-124
引用本文:
刘昭威, 吴虎, 唐晓毅. 跨声速轴流压气机多叶排反问题优化方法[J]. 西北工业大学学报
Liu Zhaowei, Wu Hu, Tang Xiaoyi. Optimization of Transonic Axial Compressor Using Multi-Row Inverse Method[J]. Northwestern polytechnical university

跨声速轴流压气机多叶排反问题优化方法
刘昭威, 吴虎, 唐晓毅
西北工业大学 动力与能源学院, 陕西 西安 710072
摘要:
为提升跨声速压气机的气动性能,以叶轮机械三维黏性反问题设计理论为基础,发展了适用于压气机多叶排三维反问题优化设计方法。描述了压气机多叶排流场计算所采用的数值求解技术,详细推导了反问题优化设计方法和流程。为验证方法的正确性,运用德国宇航中心单级跨声速压气机R030-SUKS/31的实验数据与计算结果进行对比。在对原型叶片表面载荷进行分析的基础上,重新修改叶片表面载荷分布,并通过反问题设计方法计算得到新的叶片几何构型。结果表明,通过修改叶片表面载荷分布,运用反问题设计方法得到的压气机,其进口相对马赫数有所提升,压气机流量和压比分别提高了3.5%和2.0%,气动性能有明显提升,验证了方法的正确性和有效性。
关键词:    反问题设计方法    载荷分布    优化设计    跨声速压气机   
Optimization of Transonic Axial Compressor Using Multi-Row Inverse Method
Liu Zhaowei, Wu Hu, Tang Xiaoyi
Department of Aero-Engines, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China
Abstract:
In order to improve the aerodynamic performance of transonic compressor, a compressor inverse design program is developed based on the turbomachnary three-dimensional viscous inverse design method theories. The numerical solution methods of Multi-Row transonic axial compressor flow field are introduced first and then the inverse design method and process is described in detail. The DLR R030-SUKS/31 single-stage transonic axial compressor experimental data are used to validate the calculation results. On the basis of the analysis of original blade loading distribution, the blade geometry is redesigned by applying the inverse method with the modified loading distribution. The numerical results show an increase in the compressor inlet Mach number. The mass flow rate and pressure ratio are increased respectively by 3.5% and 2.0%. Better performance of the redesigned compressor is achieved; this demonstrates the effectiveness of this method.
Key words:    inverse method    loading distribution    optimization design    transonic compressor   
收稿日期: 2015-04-23     修回日期:
DOI:
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(51076131)资助
通讯作者:     Email:
作者简介: 刘昭威(1986-),西北工业大学博士生,主要从事叶轮机械气动热力学的研究。
相关功能
PDF(2992KB) Free
打印本文
把本文推荐给朋友
作者相关文章
刘昭威  在本刊中的所有文章
吴虎  在本刊中的所有文章
唐晓毅  在本刊中的所有文章

参考文献:
[1] Denton J D. The Calculation of Three-Dimensional Viscous Flow through Multistage Turbomachines[J]. ASME Journal of Turbomachinery, 1992, 114(1): 18-26
[2] Dang T Q. A Fully Three-Dimensional Inverse Method for Turbomachinery Blading in Transonic Flows[J]. ASME Journal of Turbomachinery, 1993, 115(2): 354-361
[3] Ahmadi M, Ghaly W. Aerodynamic Inverse Design of Turbomachinery Cascades Using a Finite Volume Method on Unstructured Meshes[J]. Inverse Problems in Science and Engineering, 1998, 6(4):281- 298
[4] Qiu X, Dang T. 3D Inverse Method for Turbomachine Blading with Splitter Blades[R]. ASME-2000-GT-0526
[5] 周新海, 朱方元. 求解叶栅跨音速流动反问题的有限体积方法[J]. 工程热物理学报, 1985, 6(4):331-335 Zhou Xinhai, Zhu Fangyuan. Finite Volume Method to Solve The Inverse Problem for Transonic Flows in Cascades[J]. Journal of Engineering Thermophysics, 1985, 6(4):331-335 (in Chinese)
[6] 杨策,老大中,蒋滋康. 求解跨声速压气机叶栅黏性流动反问题的数值解[J]. 推进技术, 1999,20(4):57-60 Yang Ce, Lao Dazhong, Jiang Zikang. Numerical Soluation on Viscous Inverse Problem for Transonic Compressor Cascades[J]. Journal of Propulsion Technology, 1999, 20(4): 57-60 (in Chinese)
[7] 王正明,贾希诚. 正反问题数值解法相结合三维叶片的优化设计[J]. 工程热物理学报, 2000, 21(5): 567-569 Wang Zhengming, Jia Xicheng. Optimum Design of Three-Dimensional Blades by Combination of Numerical Methods for Solving Direct and Inverse Problems[J]. Journal of Engineering Thermophysics, 2000, 21(5): 567-569 (in Chinese)
[8] Wang Zhengming, Cai Ruixian. A Three-Dimensional Inverse Method Using Navier-Stokes Equation for Turbomachinery Blading[J]. Inverse Problems in Engineering, 2000(8): 529-551
[9] 杨金广. 叶轮机械全三维黏性反方法设计技术研究[D]. 西安:西北工业大学, 2013 Yang Jinguang. Fully Three Dimensional Viscous Inverse Method for Turbomachinery Aerodynamic Design[D]. Xi'an: Northwestern Polytechnical University, 2013 (in Chinese)
[10] van Rooij M P C, Dang T Q, Larosiliere L M. Enhanced Blade Row Matching Capabilities via 3D Multistage Inverse Design and Pressure Loading Manager[R]. ASME Paper GT2008-50539, 2008
[11] Giles M B. Nonreflecting Boundary Conditions for Euler Equation Calculations[J]. AIAA Journal, 1990, 28(12): 2050-2058
[12] Chima R V. Calculation of Multistage Turbomachinery Using Steady Characteristic Boundary Conditions[R]. AIAA-1998-0968
[13] 刘昭威, 吴虎. 改进的反问题边界条件在叶轮机械中的应用[J]. 工程热物理学报, 2015, 36(10): 1-5 Liu Zhaowei, Wu Hu. Application of Improved Inverse Method Boundary Condition in Turbomachinery[J]. Journal of Engineering Thermophysics, 2015, 36(10): 1-5 (in Chinese)
[14] Dunker R, Rechter H, Starken H, et al. Redesign and Performance Analysis of a Transonic Axial Compressor Stator and Equivalent Plane Cascades with Subsonic Controlled Diffusion Blades[J]. Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 1984, 106(2): 279-287
[15] 刘昭威, 吴虎, 唐晓毅. 基于反问题设计方法的叶栅激波损失控制[J]. 推进技术, 2014,35(6):766-773 Liu Zhaowei, Wu Hu, Tang Xiaoyi. Numerical Soluation on Viscous Inverse Problem for Transonic Compressor Cascades[J]. Journal of Propulsion Technology, 2014,35(6): 766-773 (in Chinese)